My interests relate to the formulation, implementation and evaluation of nutrition policy, primarily in low and middle income countries. I approach this work from a transdisciplinary, engaged and problem-oriented perspective, in which the key research questions and choice of methods emerges in the course of engaging with policy and program actors at global, national or sub-national levels. This approach is guided by robust theoretical frameworks and ensures that the research is responsive to real-world concerns and more likely to be understood, valued and used by those responsible for policies and programs.
Recent and current research activities: Improved methods for nutrition policy analysis and development; mainstreaming nutrition in Peru, Bolivia, Guatemala, Vietnam and Bangladesh; policy commitment for addressing the dual-burden of malnutrition in Nigeria; development and testing of a micronutrient program assessment tool; evaluation and strengthening of the World Vision mobile clinic program in Haiti; exploring the potential for boundary-spanning agents to enhance policy implementation in complex adaptive stakeholder systems in Burkina Faso, Mali, Ethiopia and Uganda; a project to strengthen the theory and practice of nutrition policy advocacy in seven SE Asian countries as well as Ethiopia and Burkina Faso; and a three-country implementation science initiative to strengthen the implementation of large-scale anemia control programs and document the practice of implementation science in real-life settings.
Menon, P, Covic, N.M., Harrigan, P.B., Horton, S.E., Kazi, N.M., Lamstein, S, Neufeld, L, Oakley, E and Pelletier, D.L. 2014. “Strengthening Implementation and Utilization of Nutrition Interventions Through Research: A Framework and Research Agenda.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences doi: 10.1111/nyas.12447.
Omotayo MO, Dickin KL, Pelletier DL, Cassano PA, Mwanga E, Kung’u JK, Stoltzfus RJ (2017). A Simplified Regimen Compared with WHO Guidelines Decreases Antenatal Calcium Supplement Intake for Prevention of Preeclampsia in a Cluster-Randomized Noninferiority Trial in Rural Kenya. Journal of Nutrition. 2017 Oct;147(10):1986-1991. doi: 10.3945/jn.117.251926.
Fox EL, Pelto GP, Rasmussen KM, Young SL, Rouzier V, Debrosse GM, Pape JW, Pelletier DL. (2017). Who knows what – An exploration of the infant feeding message environment and intra-cultural differences in message salience between health workers, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Maternal and Child Nutrition (in press): doi: 10.1111/mcn.12537
Phillips, E, Stoltzfus, R, Michaud, L, Fils Piere Gracia, L, and Pelletier, D. (2017). Do mobile clinics provide high-quality antenatal care? A comparison of care delivery, knowledge outcomes and perception of quality of care between fixed and mobile clinics in central Haiti. BioMed Central Pregnancy and Childbirth doi 10.1186/s12884-017-1546-7.
Pelletier, D.L., Gervais, S., Hafeez-ur-Rehman, Sanou, D, H., Tumwine, J. (2017). Boundary-Spanning Actors in Complex Adaptive Governance Systems: The Case of Multisectoral Nutrition. International Journal of Health Planning and Management doi: 10.1002/hpm.2468.
Schuster RC, de Sousa OL, Reme AK, Vopelak CM, Pelletier DL, Johnson LM, Mbuya MN, Pinault D, Young SL. (2017). Performance-based incentives improve teamwork and empower health workers delivering prevention of vertical transmission of HIV services in rural Mozambique. International Journal of Health Planning and Management doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2017.137.
Bliss, J. Stoltzfus, R. and Pelletier, D. (2018). An emergency cash transfer program improves child growth and reduces acute malnutrition risk for children during a food crisis in Niger. Global Health Science and Practice (accepted).
Theobald, S, Brandes, N, Gyapong, M, El-Saharty, S, Proctor, E, Diaz, T, Wanji, S, Elloker, S, Elsey, H, Bharal, S, Pelletier and D, Peters, DH. (n.d.). Implementation Research and Delivery Science (IRDS): New Imperatives and Opportunities. The Lancet. (submitted)
Cornell University Graduate Field Active Membership: Nutrition; Epidemiology; Public Affairs; International Development
American Society for Nutrition
Member, Executive Council, Society for the Policy Sciences, 2001-03 and 2017.
Associate Editor, Food Security, 2014-present.
President, Society for Implementation Science in Nutrition, 2016-18.
My public engagement goals are to develop, promote and apply improved methods for policy analysis, development and implementation, primarily in low and middle income countries. I maintain an active portfolio of public engagement activities for this purpose, including interactions with institutions such as the Scaling Up Nutrition Secretariat (Geneva, Swtizerland), the nutrition units in international organizations such as The World Bank, WHO, UNICEF, USAID, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition, The International Food Policy Research Institute, the National Information Platforms for Nutrition and the governments of countries where i have research collaborations. In addition, i pursue these goals through my role as current President of the Society for Implementation Science in Nutrition.
There is a saying that "the world has problems and universities have departments." (aka disciplines). When it comes to food, nutrition and health problems we must go beyond disciplinary knowledge, indeed beyond the walls of the university, to find possible solutions. This perspective underlies my approach to knowledge, teaching and advising: problem-oriented, transdisciplinary and contextual. This not only prepares students to be more effective professionals and problem-oriented researchers, it also is a more interesting and engaging way to teach and learn.
NS4600: Explorations in Global and Public Health
NS4800: Implementation and Impact in Global and Public Health (through Cornell in Washington)
PhD, 1984 - Pennsylvania State University, Anthropology
MA, 1979 - Pennsylvania State University, Anthropology
BA, 1977 - University of Arizona, Anthropology
BS, 1977 - University of Arizona, Biology
Curriculum Committee, Division of Nutritional Sciences
Director, Cornell in Washington Program
Core Faculty Member, Cornell Institute for Public Affairs
Member, Iscol Advisory Committee, College of Human Ecology