Patrick Ishizuka is the Frank H.T. Rhodes postdoctoral fellow at the Cornell Population Center. He received his Ph.D. in Sociology and Social Policy, with a specialization in Demography, from Princeton University in 2016. His research, which focuses on social inequality at the work-family intersection, is forthcoming or has been published in Social Forces and Demography and has been funded by the National Science Foundation.
Ishizuka’s research uses quantitative and experimental methods to understand gender and socioeconomic inequality at work and in families. His dissertation, which focused on parenthood and inequality, relied on two large-scale, original experimental data collection efforts funded by the National Science Foundation. One project (forthcoming at Social Forces) asked how gender and social class shape contemporary cultural norms about “good” parenting. Using data from an original vignette survey experiment about parenting attitudes with a nationally representative sample of more than 3,600 parents, the study documents strong cultural expectations of intensive mothering and fathering among parents of different social classes. Results point to exceptionally high contemporary standards for parental investments in children in a period of rising inequality and increasing time pressures faced by families. Another project investigated hiring discrimination against mothers in the context of an increasingly polarized labor market and a growing socioeconomic divergence in family life. Drawing on data from an original résumé audit study with more than 1,100 employers in professional and managerial occupations and low-wage occupations, the study shows that unique job demands in each labor market context exacerbate discrimination and contribute to similar disadvantages for mothers.
Other areas of Ishizuka’s research examine the link between work, family, and inequality. Recent projects examine how money and work influence whether cohabiting couples marry or separate, the role of occupational work hour inflexibility in facilitating or constraining new mothers’ employment, and trends in gender inequality in elder care responsibilities and its consequences for gender inequality in employment at older ages.
Ishizuka, Patrick. Forthcoming. “Social Class, Gender, and Contemporary Parenting Standards in the United States: Evidence from a National Survey Experiment.” Social Forces
Ishizuka, Patrick. 2018. “The Economic Foundations of Cohabiting Couples’ Union Transitions.” Demography 55(2):535-557.
Ph.D. Sociology and Social Policy, Princeton University