Maria D. Fitzpatrick is an Associate Professor in the Department of Policy and Management, Associate Director of Data for Evidence-Based Policy and Milman Fellow at the Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, and Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is also an Affiliate in the CESifo Research Network, the Cornell Populations Center, the Center for the Study of Inequality, and the Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research. Her research focus is on child and family policy, with a particular interest in the economics of education. Specific research studies have focused on early childhood education policies, higher education, teacher compensation, benefits and labor supply, teacher pensions and retirement, child maltreatment, incarceration's effects on children and mothers, and the effects of retirement on the health of older Americans.
Before arriving at Cornell, Maria Fitzpatrick was a Searle Freedom Trust postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Economic Policy Research at Stanford University. She received her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Virginia, where she was both an Institute for Education Sciences and Spencer Foundation Pre-Doctoral Fellow. She obtained her B.A. in economics from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Since being at Cornell, she spent one year as a visiting scholar at the National Bureau of Economics Research.
In her research, Dr. Fitzpatrick focuses on several broad themes:
Early childhood education policies: Recent decades have seen increased interest in early childhood education and care programs as a way to promote children's development and family well-being. This increased interest has led to increased government intervention of various forms, from regulation to government provision. Fitzpatrick's work has examined the effects of government provision of early childhood education (namely universal pre-k) on children's long-term academic achievement and family decision making about child care use and parental labor supply. More recently, Fitzpatrick and her colleagues are examining the effects of both government provision in and regulation of the early childhood care industry on the supply side (workers and firms) of the industry.
Higher education: Human capital investment provides protection against labor market risk and uncertainty. Designing and implementing efficient polciies for encouraging and subsidizing postsecondary enrollment and attainment is crucial for effectively improving workforce qualtiy. With colleagues, Fitzpatrick has examined the efficiency and long run effects of merit aid programs, which offer scholarships for in-state postsecondary attandence.
Teacher labor markets: The quality of children's schooling experiences has been closely linked to the quality of the individuals students receive as teachers. Many local, state and federal policies are putting increased focus towards improving schools while the recent downturn has put the fiscal decisions of the public sector under close scrutiny. Understanding how teachers make decisions about where to work and how long to work, particularly in response to their government provided wages and benefits, is therefore an imperative. Fitzpatrick's work has focused on whether public school employees value their retirement benefits at the same level it costs taxpayers to provide them. She is investigating how incentives between state and local governments that arise implicitly in the structure of teacher compensation affect the pattern of teacher wages. With colleagues, she has also examined how responsive teachers are to retirement incentives and what effect the removal of senior teachers has on children's academic achievement.
Retirement and health: There is enormous interest in the effect of retirement on health, especially given the aging of the population and reforms to retirement policies underway in the United States and other developed countries. However, the interdependence between health outcomes and retirement status, which commonly leads individuals in poorer health to retire earlier, means that it is difficult to disentangle this relationship. With Tim Moore, I contribute to this literature by examining how mortality changes in the U.S. at age 62, when most individuals become eligible for Social Security Retirement and Survivors Insurance (“Social Security”). We find that mortality increases most at age 62 for those that are most likely to leave the workforce, leading us to conclude that, for men, deciding to retire at age 62 may have negative consequences for their health.
Incarceration's effects on families: Nearly 1 in 10 children will have experienced a parent’s incarceration in prison by age 14, and there are large racial disparities in the probability of having a parent incarcerated (Wildeman 2009). Parental incarceration reduces family financial resources and parental contributions to family life and has the potential to severely harm child wellbeing. With coauthors, I am working to examine how both maternal and paternal incarceration affect infant mortality, a particularly important indicator of child wellbeing.
Child maltreatment: Estimates suggest that nearly 4 in 10 children experience maltreatment before turning 18. Early detection is important to mitigate maltreatment and engender children’s recovery from its negative effects. Yet factors that drive early detection remain understudied. With coauthors, I investigate the role of schools and teachers in reporting child maltreatment. Also, in other research, my colleagues and I are examining how data-driven decision-making can help aid child welfare agencies in making decisions that are better for child outcomes.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. Forthcoming. “Pension Reform and Return to Work Policies” Journal of Pension Economics and Finance
Wildeman, Christopher, Maria D. Fitzpatrick, and Alyssa Goldman. 2018. “Conditions of
Confinement in American Prisons and Jails.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science. Vol. 14, 2018, pp. 29–47.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. and Timothy Moore. 2018. “The Mortality Effects of Retirement: Evidence from Social Security Eligibility at Age 62.” Journal of Public Economics. 157: 121-37
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2017. “Pension-spiking, free-riding, and the effects of pension reform on teachers' earnings.” Journal of Public Economics. 148: 57-74.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. and A. Damon Jones. 2016. “Higher Education, Merit-Based Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate Migration. Economics of Education Review. 54: 155-172.
Bassok, Daphna, Maria Fitzpatrick, Erica Greenberg and Susanna Loeb. 2016. “The Extent of Within- and Between-Sector Quality Differences in Early Childhood Education and Care.” Child Development. Vol 87(5): 1627-1645. Online version: DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12551
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2015. “How Much Do Public School Teachers Value Their Pension Benefits?” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy. 7(4): 165-88.
Bassok, Daphna, Maria D. Fitzpatrick, and Susanna Loeb. 2014. “Does State Preschool Crowd-Out Private Provision? The Impact of Universal Pre-Kindergarten on the Childcare Sector in Oklahoma and Georgia” with Daphna Bassok and Susanna Loeb. Journal of Urban Economics. 83: 18-33.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. and Michael Lovenheim. 2014. “How Does Teacher Retirement Affect Student Achievement?” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy. 6(3): 120-154.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2014. “Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?” Journal of Health Economics. 38: 88-98.
Daphna Bassok, Maria D. Fitzpatrick, Susanna Loeb and Agustina Paglayan. 2013. “The Early Childhood Care and Education Workforce: Understanding Changes from 1990 through 2010” Education Finance and Policy. 8(4): 581-601.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2012. “Revising Our Thinking about the Relationship between Maternal Labor Supply and Preschool.” Journal of Human Resources. 47: 583-612.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D., David Grissmer and Sarah Hastedt. 2011. “What a Difference a Day Makes: Estimating the Effects of Kindergarten on Children’s Test Scores.” Economics of Education Review. 30(2): 269-279.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2010. "Preschoolers Enrolled and Mothers at Work? The Effects of Universal Pre-Kindergarten." Journal of Labor Economics. 28(1): 51-85.
Fitzpatrick, Maria D. 2008. "Starting School at Four: The Effect of Universal Pre-Kindergarten on Children's Academic Achievement," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 8: No. 1 (Advances), Article 46. Available at: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol8/iss1/art46.
PAM 5010: Education Policy
PAM 6370: Microeconomics for Policy Analysis
PAM 6471: Economics of Education
PAM 2550: Waiting for Superman? Perspectives on the "Crisis" in American Education
B.A., economics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000
M.A., economics, University of Virginia, 2004
Ph.D., economics, University of Virginia, 2008
Director, the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs
Associate Director of Data for Evidence Based Policy, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research
Co-editor, Economics of Education Review