|Current Research Activities:|
Dunifon studies child and family policy, with a focus on factors influencing the development of less-advantaged children. Specific research topics include the relationship between maternal employment conditions and children's health and development; the well-being of children in various family living arrangements, such as single-parenthood and cohabitation; and the role of grandparents in the lives of youth.
Her work has been supported by a wide range of sources. Rachel was awarded a 5-year grant from the William T. Grant Foundation's Scholar's program to study the role of grandparents in the lives of youth. She is examining whether and how grandparents influence youth; whether living with a grandparent benefits youth living in a single-parent family; and how children fare when they are raised by their grandparents.
Dunifon was also awarded an R01 grant from the Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to study the influence on children of maternal employment patterns. Many mothers working low-wage jobs must work evenings or weekends, have little control over their schedules, or have long commutes. Dunifon's work examines how these factors influence children's health and development, parents and family routines.
Rachel's research has been published in Demography, Child Development, Developmental Psychology, and Journal of Marriage and Family.
Pilkauskas, Natasha, and Rachel Dunifon (Forthcoming). “Portraits of Grandfamilies: Characteristics and Wellbeing”. Journal of Marriage and Family.
Su, Jessica, Rachel Dunifon, and Sharon Sassler (2015). “Better for Baby? The Retreat from Mid-Pregnancy Marriage and Implications for Parenting and Child Well-Being”. Demography, 52(4): 1167-1194.
Kalil, Ariel, Rachel Dunifon, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2014). “Work Hours, Work Schedules and Sleep Duration Among Mothers and their Young Children”. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(5): 891-904.
Healy, Olivia and Rachel Dunifon (2014). “Child Care Subsidies and Family Well-Being”. Social Service Review, 88(3): 493-528.
Dunifon, Rachel, Kathleen Ziol-Guest and Kimberly Kopko (2014). “Grandparental Co-Residence and Family Well-Being: Implications for Research and Policy”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 654: 110-126.
Ziol-Guest, Kathleen and Rachel Dunifon (2014). “Complex Living Arrangements and Child Health: Examining Family Structure Linkages with Children’s Health Outcomes”. Family Relations, 63: 424-437.
Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby, Jessica Houston Su, and Thomas DeLeire (2013). “Measuring Nonstandard Work in Survey Data”. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75: 523-532.
Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2013). “Mothers’ Night Work and Children’s Behavior Problems”. Developmental Psychology, 49(10): 1874-1885.
Dunifon, Rachel (2013). “The Influence of Grandparents in the Lives of Children and Adolescents”, Child Development Perspectives, 7(1): 55-60.
Ziol-Guest, Kathleen, Rachel Dunifon and Ariel Kalil (2013). “Parental Employment and Children’s Body Weight: Mothers, Others, and Mechanisms”, Social Science and Medicine, 95: 52-59.
Dunifon, Rachel and Ashish Bajracharya. (2012) “The Role of Grandparents in the Lives of Youth”. Journal of Family Issues, 33(9): 1168-1194.
Johnson, Rucker, Ariel Kalil and Rachel Dunifon (2012). “Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children’s Behavior and Academic Progress”. Demography, 49(2): 747-772.