Rachel Dunifon

 

Rachel Dunifon

Professor, and Associate Dean for Research and Outreach
1300 F Martha Van Rensselaer Hall
 
Phone: 607-255-6535 Fax: 607-255-4071
Email: red26@cornell.edu
View Cornell University Contact Info
Curriculum Vitae
 
Biographical Statement:

Rachel Dunifon is a Professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management.  She is also the Associate Dean for Research and Outreach for the College of Human Ecology. She received her PhD in Human Development and Social Policy from Northwestern University in 1999.  Her research focuses on child and family policy.

 
Current Professional Activities:

Dunifon is an active member of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, the Population Association of America, and the Cornell Population Center. She is a consulting editor for Developmental Psychology.

 
Current Research Activities:

Dunifon studies child and family policy, with a focus on factors influencing the development of less-advantaged children.  Specific research topics include the relationship between maternal employment conditions and children's health and development; the well-being of children in various family living arrangements, such as single-parenthood and cohabitation; and the role of grandparents in the lives of youth.

Her work has been supported by a wide range of sources.  Rachel was awarded a 5-year grant from the William T. Grant Foundation's Scholar's program to study the role of grandparents in the lives of youth.  She is examining whether and how grandparents influence youth; whether living with a grandparent benefits youth living in a single-parent family; and how children fare when they are raised by their grandparents.

Dunifon was also awarded an R01 grant from the Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to study the influence on children of maternal employment patterns.  Many mothers working low-wage jobs must work evenings or weekends, have little control over their schedules, or have long commutes.  Dunifon's work examines how these factors influence children's health and development, parents and family routines. 
 

Rachel's research has been published in Demography, Child Development, Developmental Psychology, and Journal of Marriage and Family

 
Current Public Engagement Activities:

As Associate Dean for Reserach and Outrach, Rachel provides leadership for the College of Human Ecology's Outreach and Extension activities.

Rachel Dunifon provides campus leadership to Cornell Cooperative Extension parent educators throughout the state through the  Parenting in Context Project.  Information about this project can be found online at:
http://www.human.cornell.edu/pam/outreach/parenting/index.cfm

 
Education:

Ph.D. 1999 - Northwestern University, Human Development & Social Policy
M.A. 1998 - Northwestern University, Human Development & Social Policy
B.A. 1994 - Davidson College, Psychology

 
Related Websites:

Parenting in Context Project: www.human.cornell.edu/pam/outreach/parenting/index.cfm
“Welfare Reform and Intergenerational Mobility”. A report for the Pew Charitable Trusts Economic Mobility Project. http://www.economicmobility.org/assets/pdfs/EMP_TANF%2015.pdf
Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research
Google Scholar Page

 
Administrative Responsibilities:

Associate Dean for Reseach and Outreach, College of Human Ecology

 
Selected Publications:

Pilkauskas, Natasha, and Rachel Dunifon (Forthcoming).  “Portraits of Grandfamilies: Characteristics and Wellbeing”.  Journal of Marriage and Family

Su, Jessica, Rachel Dunifon, and Sharon Sassler (2015).  “Better for Baby?  The Retreat from Mid-Pregnancy Marriage and Implications for Parenting and Child Well-Being”.  Demography, 52(4): 1167-1194.

Kalil, Ariel, Rachel Dunifon, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2014).  “Work Hours, Work Schedules and Sleep Duration Among Mothers and their Young Children”. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(5): 891-904.

Healy, Olivia and Rachel Dunifon (2014). “Child Care Subsidies and Family Well-Being”.  Social Service Review, 88(3): 493-528.

Dunifon, Rachel, Kathleen Ziol-Guest and Kimberly Kopko (2014). “Grandparental Co-Residence and Family Well-Being: Implications for Research and Policy”.  The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 654: 110-126.

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen and Rachel Dunifon (2014).  “Complex Living Arrangements and Child Health: Examining Family Structure Linkages with Children’s Health Outcomes”.  Family Relations, 63: 424-437.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby, Jessica Houston Su, and Thomas DeLeire (2013).  “Measuring Nonstandard Work in Survey Data”.  Journal of Marriage and Family, 75: 523-532.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2013). “Mothers’ Night Work and Children’s Behavior Problems”.  Developmental Psychology, 49(10): 1874-1885. 

Dunifon, Rachel (2013).  “The Influence of Grandparents in the Lives of Children and Adolescents”, Child Development Perspectives, 7(1): 55-60. 

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen, Rachel Dunifon and Ariel Kalil (2013).  “Parental Employment and Children’s Body Weight: Mothers, Others, and Mechanisms”, Social Science and Medicine, 95: 52-59. 

Dunifon, Rachel and Ashish Bajracharya.  (2012) “The Role of Grandparents in the Lives of Youth”.  Journal of Family Issues, 33(9): 1168-1194.

Johnson, Rucker, Ariel Kalil and Rachel Dunifon (2012).  “Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children’s Behavior and Academic Progress”.  Demography, 49(2): 747-772.

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES 

Crosnoe, Rob and Rachel Dunifon (forthcoming).  “A Developmental Perspective on the Link Between Parents’ Employment and Children’s Obesity”.  American Psychologist.

Su, Jessica and Rachel Dunifon (forthcoming).  “Nonstandard Schedules and Private Safety Nets Among Working Mothers”.  Journal of Marriage and Family

Meier, Anne, Kelly Musick, Sarah Flood and Rachel Dunifon (2016).  “Mothering Experiences: How Single-Parenthood and Employment Shift the Emotional Valence of Parenting”. Demography, 53: 649-674.

Pilkauskas, Natasha, and Rachel Dunifon (2016).  “Understanding Grandfamilies: Characteristics of Grandparents, Nonresident Parents, and Children”.  Journal of Marriage and Family.  DOI:10.1111/jomf.1229

Su, Jessica, Rachel Dunifon, and Sharon Sassler (2015).  “Better for Baby?  The Retreat from Mid-Pregnancy Marriage and Implications for Parenting and Child Well-Being”.  Demography, 52(4): 1167-1194. 

Kalil, Ariel, Rachel Dunifon, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2014).  “Work Hours, Work Schedules and Sleep Duration Among Mothers and their Young Children”. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(5): 891-904. 

Healy, Olivia and Rachel Dunifon (2014). “Child Care Subsidies and Family Well-Being”.  Social Service Review, 88(3): 493-528. 

Dunifon, Rachel, Kathleen Ziol-Guest and Kimberly Kopko (2014).  “Grandparental Co-Residence and Family Well-Being: Implications for Research and Policy”.  The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 654: 110-126. 

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen and Rachel Dunifon (2014).  “Complex Living Arrangements and Child Health: Examining Family Structure Linkages with Children’s Health Outcomes”.  Family Relations, 63: 424-437.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby, Jessica Houston Su, and Thomas DeLeire (2013).  “Measuring Nonstandard Work in Survey Data”.   Journal of Marriage and Family, 75: 523-532.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil, Danielle Crosby and Jessica Su (2013).  “Mothers’ Night Work and Children’s Behavior Problems”.  Developmental Psychology, 49(10): 1874-1885. 

Dunifon, Rachel (2013).  “The Influence of Grandparents in the Lives of Children and Adolescents”, Child Development Perspectives, 7(1): 55-60.  

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen, Rachel Dunifon and Ariel Kalil (2013).  “Parental Employment and Children’s Body Weight: Mothers, Others, and Mechanisms”, Social Science and Medicine, 95: 52-59.

Dunifon, Rachel and Ashish Bajracharya.  (2012) “The Role of Grandparents in the Lives of Youth”.  Journal of Family Issues, 33(9): 1168-1194.

Johnson, Rucker, Ariel Kalil and Rachel Dunifon (2012).  “Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children’s Behavior and Academic Progress”.  Demography, 49(2): 747-772.

Kopko, Kim, and Rachel Dunifon (2012).  “The Cornell Cooperative Extension Statewide Data Collection System: An Online Data Collection Tool for Parent Education Programs”.  Journal of Extension, 50(3), available online: http://www.joe.org/joe/2012june/tt2.php.

Morrissey, Taryn, Rachel Dunifon and Ariel Kalil (2011).  “Maternal Employment, Work Schedules, and Children’s Body Mass Index”.  Child Development, 82(1): 66-81.

* 3rd most downloaded article from this journal in 2011

Dunifon, Rachel, Kathryn Hynes and H. Elizabeth Peters. (2009) “State Welfare Policies and Children’s Living Arrangements”.  Social Service Review, 83(3):351-388. 

Hynes, Kathryn and Rachel Dunifon. (2007). “Children in No-Parent Households: The Continuity of Arrangements and the Composition of Households”.  Children and Youth Services Review, 29 (7): 912-932. 

Kalil, Ariel and Rachel Dunifon (2007).  “Maternal Work and Welfare Use and Child Well-Being: Evidence from Six Years of Data from the Women’s Employment Study”.  Children and Youth Services Review, 29(6): 742-761. 

Dunifon, Rachel and Lori Kowaleski-Jones.  (2007) “The Influence of Grandparents in Single-Mother Families”.  Journal of Marriage and Family, 69: 465-481. 

Slack, K., Magnuson, K., Berger, L., Yoo, J., Coley, R., Dunifon, R., Dworsky, A., Kalil, A., Knab, J., Lohman, B., & Osborne, C.  (2007).  “Family Economic Well-Being Following the 1996 Welfare Reform: Trend Data from Five Non-Experimental Panel Studies”.  Children and Youth Services Review, 29: 698-720.

Bartfeld, Judi and Rachel Dunifon (2006).  “State-Level Predictors of Food Insecurity Among Households With Children”.  Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25(4): 921-942.

Dunifon, Rachel, Kathryn Hynes, and H. Elizabeth Peters (2006).   “Welfare Reform and Child Well-Being”.  Children and Youth Services Review, 28(11): 1273-1292. 

Kowaleski-Jones, Lori, Rachel Dunifon and Geoffrey Ream (2006).  “Social Context and Youth Competence”. Journal of Community Psychology, 34(3): 343-362.

Kowaleski-Jones, Lori and Rachel Dunifon (2006).  “Family Structure and Community Context: Evaluating Influences on Adolescent Outcomes.”  Youth and Society, 38(1): 110-130.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil and Ashish Bajracharya (2005).  “Maternal Working Conditions and Child Well-Being in Welfare-leaving Families.” Developmental Psychology, 41(6): 851-859. 

Dunifon, Rachel (2005).  “The Labor Market Effects of an Anti-Poverty Program: Results from Hierarchical Linear Modeling”.  Social Science Research, 34:1-19. 

Dunifon, Rachel, Michael Duttweiler, Karl Pillemer, Don Tobias, and William Trochim (2004).  “Evidence-Based Extension.” Journal of Extension, 42(2). 

Kowaleski-Jones, Lori and Rachel Dunifon (2004).  “Children’s Home Environments:  Understanding the Role of Family Structure Changes.” Journal of Family Issues, 25(1): 3-28.

Dunifon, Rachel, Ariel Kalil and Sandra K. Danziger (2003).  “Maternal Work Behavior Under Welfare Reform: How Does the Transition from Welfare to Work Affect Child Development?”  Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 25(1/2): 55-82.  

Dunifon, Rachel and Lori Kowaleski-Jones (2003).  “The Influences of Participation in the National School Lunch Program and Food Insecurity on Child Well-Being.”  Social Service Review, 77(1):72-92. 

Dunifon, Rachel and Lori Kowaleski-Jones (2002).  “Who’s in the House?  Race Differences in Cohabitation, Single-Parenthood, and Child Development.”  Child Development, 73(4):1249-1264. 

Dunifon, Rachel, Greg Duncan, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (2001).  “As Ye Sweep, So Shall Ye Reap.”  American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings, 91(2):150-154.  

Dunifon, Rachel and Greg J. Duncan (1998).  “Long-Run Effects of Motivation on Labor-Market Success.” Social Psychology Quarterly, 61(1):33-48.

Duncan, Greg J. and Rachel Dunifon (1998).  “Soft Skills and Long-Run Labor Market Success.” In Solomon W. Polacheck and John Robst , Eds.  Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 17.  London:  JAI Press, pp. 123-150.

 

BOOKS

Dunifon, Rachel (Under Contract).  “You’ve Always Been there for Me”: Understanding the Lives of Children Raised by Grandparents.  Rutgers University Press.

Wethington, Elaine & Rachel Dunifon (2012).  Research for the Public Good:  Applying the Methods of Translational Research to Improve Human Health and Well-Being.  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.  

Johnson, R.C., Kalil, A., & Dunifon, R. (2010).  Mothers’ Work and Children’s Lives: Low-Income Families After Welfare Reform.  Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

* Named as a “Noteworthy book for 2010” by Princeton University’s Industrial Relations Section

 

BOOK CHAPTERS

Dunifon, Rachel, Kimberly Kopko, P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, and Lauren Wakschlag (2016).  “Multigenerational Relationships in Families with Custodial Grandparents”.  In Grandparenting in the U.S., Madonna Harrington Meyer and Ynesse Adbul-Malak, Eds.  New York: Baywood Publishing 

Dunifon, Rachel, Kathleen Ziol-Guest, and Ariel Kalil.  (2012) “Nonstandard Work Schedules and Child Development”.  In Understanding Children and Poverty: The Science and Ecology of Early Development (pp.260-277), V. Maholmes and R. King, Eds.  Oxford University Press.

Dunifon, Rachel (2009).  “Single-Parenthood and Child Well-Being: Trends, Theories and Evidence” in H. E. Peters & C. M. Kamp Dush (Eds.) Marriage and Family: Complexities and Perspectives (pp. 93-114).  Columbia University Press:  New York.

Dunifon, Rachel, and Lori Kowaleski-Jones (2006).  “Family Structure and Child Well-Being: Examining the Role of Parental Social Connections.” In L. Kowaleski-Jones and N. Wolfinger, Eds.  Fragile Families and the Marriage Agenda.  Klewer Academic Press, pp. 108-125.

Dunifon, Rachel, Greg J. Duncan, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (2004).  “The Long-Term Impact of Parental Organization and Efficiency.”  In A. Kalil & T. DeLeire (Eds).  Family Investments in Children:  Resources and Behaviors that Promote Success.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 85-118.

Dunifon, Rachel  (2001).  “Poverty and Policy in the United States During the 1990’s”.  In Eva Barlosius and Wolfgang Ludwig-Mayerhofer, Eds. Die Armut der Gesellschaft (The Poverty of Society).  Opladen, Germany:  Leske + Budrich, pp. 223-239.

Kalil, Ariel, Rachel Dunifon, and Sandra Danziger (2001). “Does Maternal Employment Mandated by Welfare-Reform Affect Children's Behavior?” In Greg J. Duncan and P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Eds.  For Better or for Worse: Welfare Reform and Children’s Well-Being.  New York: Russell Sage, pp. 154-178. 

Duncan, Greg, Rachel Dunifon, Morgan Doran, and Jean Yeung (2001).  “How Different ARE Welfare and Working Families?  And Do Those Differences Matter for Children’s Achievement?” In Greg J. Duncan and P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Eds.  For Better or for Worse: Welfare Reform and Children’s Well-Being.   New York: Russell Sage, pp. 103-131.

 

BOOK REVIEWS

Dunifon, Rachel (2006).  Book Review of Discovering Successful Pathways in Children’s Development: Mixed Methods in the Study of Childhood and Family Life, Thomas Weisner, Ed.  Children and Youth Services Review, 28: 1262-1271.

 
Selected Keywords:
Child and Family Policy, Social Policy, Maternal Employment, Grandparents, Children's Living Arrangements

 
The information on this bio page is taken from the CHE Annual Report.