Jere Haas

 

Jere Haas

The Nancy Schlegel Meinig Professor of Maternal and Child Nutrition
220 Savage Hall
 
Phone: (607) 255-2665 Fax: (607) 255-1033
Email: jdh12@cornell.edu
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Curriculum Vitae
 
Biographical Statement:
  • Jere D. Haas is the Nancy Schlegel Meinig Professor of Maternal and Child Nutrition in the Division of Nutritional Sciences, College of Human Ecology, at Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York. He is also International Professor of Nutrition in Cornell's College of Agriculture and Life Science and Director of the campus-wide Human Biology Program. He received his Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from the Pennsylvania State University and has been on the Cornell University faculty for 38 years. He is currently conducting research on the functional consequences of iron deficiency on physical and cognitive performance. The emphasis is on the effects of moderate iron deficiency on various aspects of physical performance and behavior in children and young women and how measures of performance relate to everyday productivity and social and economic well being. He also conducts research on food based interventions to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Professor Haas conducts research on these and related topics in maternal and child nutrition in the United States, Mexico, the Philippines, Rwanda and India. Professor Haas served as vice-president and president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and serves on the Expert Advisory Panel for Nutrition of the World Health Organization and the Technical Advisory Group on Food and Nutrition of the Pan American Health Organization. He served as Director of the Division of Nutritional Science at Cornell from 1998 to 2003.

 
Teaching and Advising Statement:

During my final year of phased retirement, I will not be teaching courses or advising undergraduates.  The undergraduates who participate in my research group are mentored by me and/or one of my gradaute students.  They participate in lab and data analysis and attend a weekly research group meeting.

 
Current Professional Activities:
At Cornell University
The Nancy Schlegel Meinig Professor of Maternal & Child Nutrition
International Professor of Nutrition, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences.
Cornell Graduate Field Memberships:
    Nutrition; Anthropology; Latin American Studies; Epidemiology; International Agriculture.  
Director, Human Biology Program. 
Advisory Committee, Human Metabolic Research Unit
Advisory Committee Tata-Cornell Initiative on Agriculture and Nutrition 
 
National and International
Member, Expert Advisory Panel on Nutrition for the World Health Organization (WHO)
Member, Technical Advisory Group on Food and Nutrition of the Pan American Health     Organization (PAHO)

 
Current Research Activities:
My research deals with nutrition problems of women and young children, with a primary emphasis on iron deficiency and protein and energy under nutrition in developing countries. For 37 years my research has focused on understanding the functional consequences of malnutrition on physical performance, physical activity and behavior. Current studies are designed to identify useful functional indicators that can be used to evaluate nutrition interventions that are designed to improve iron status in women and children.
 
We are currently examining two novel approaches to improving dietary iron intakes by enhancing the nutrient quality of staple food crops such as rice, pearl millet and beans and through the fortification of table salt. These staple foods and table salt are consumed by a large number of the most nutritionally vulnerable population groups in Asia, Africa and Latin America. In collaboration with colleagues from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the University of the Philippines at Los Banos and the Pennsylvania State University we have shown an improvement in body iron status in women who consumed an experimental variety of rice bred for high iron content. This research was the first to show that “biofortification" strategies can improve the micronutrient status of human subjects at risk of deficiencies in developing countries.
 
We recently completed the data collection phase a second "feeding trial" of another biofortified staple, black beans, in school children in southern Mexico. Early results from this study indicates that primary school children who consume the biofortified beans for 100 days show improved tissue level iron status (transferring receptor values decline) compared to controls. This effect is most apparent in children who were the most iron deficient at baseline and those who consumed the most beans throughout the study. This study also tested for changes in physical activity in these children. The research is being conducted in collaboration with scientist at the Mexican National Institute of Public Health (INSP), HarvestPlus Project of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in Cali, Colombia.
 
Another feeding trial with biofortified beans, supported by HarvestPlus, was completed in 2013 in Rwanda through collaboration with scientists at the National University of Rwanda, the University of Oklahoma and the Pennsylvania State University. This study tested for the efficacy of consuming iron-biofortified beans on improved iron status in university women. We also tested the effect of improved iron nutrition on cognitive function, energetic work efficiency and physical activity in university women. In 2012 we completed data collection for a study of the impact on iron status of consuming iron-biofortified pearl millet in western India in collaboration with colleagues at the SNDT Women’s University in Mumbai. In this study we also assessed the effects of the intervention on functional outcomes using similar measures to those proposed in the Rwanda study.
 
We have also recently completed a study that tested the effectiveness of consuming table salt (DFS) that is double fortified with iodine and encapsulated iron in India through a program administered by the Micronutrient Initiative of Canada. Preliminary results from this year long intervention trial has shown significant improvements in all measures of iron status in women who consumed DFS compared to controls. This project will also test whether consumption of double fortified salt improves worker productivity, physical activity and cognitive function in women who pick tea on Indian tea estates in north Bengal.

 
Education:
  • A.B. Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, PA, 1967
  • M.A. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1970
  • Ph.D. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1973

 
Courses Taught:
  • NS 2750 Human Biology and Evolution (also ANTH 2750)
  • NS 4010 Empirical Research for Undergraduates
  • NS 8990 Doctoral Research

 
Administrative Responsibilities:
  • Director, Human Biology Program

 
Selected Publications:

DellaValle, D.M., and J.D. Haas. 2013. Quantification of training load and intensity in female collegiate rowers: validation of a daily assessment tool. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2013; 27 (2): 540-8; Published online first: April 10, 2012; doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182577053
 
Haa ,    Haas, J.D., M. Rahn, S. Venkatramanan, G.S. Marquis, M.J. Wenger, L.E. Murray-Kolb, A.S. Wesley, and G.A. Reinhart. Double fortified salt is efficacious in improving indicators of iron deficiency in female Indian tea-pickers. Journal of Nutrition. (submitted)
 
            DellaValle, D.M. and J.D. Haas. Iron supplementation improves energetic efficiency in iron depleted female rowers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. (in press)
 
Bielecki, E.M., J.D. Haas, and B. Hulanicka. 2012. Secular changes in height of Polish schoolboys from 1955 to 1988. Economics and Human Biology, 10:310-317.
 
Crouter, S.E., D.M. DellaValle, J.D. Haas, E.A. Frongillo, D.R. Bassett, Jr. 2012. Validity of ActiGraph 2-Regression Model and Matthews and NHANES and Cut-Points for Assessing Free-Living Physical Activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health (in press)
 
Crouter, S.E., D.M. DellaValle, J.D. Haas. 2012. Relationship between Physical Activity, Physical Performance, and Iron Status in Adult Women. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 37:697-705.
 
DellaValle, D.M. and J.D. Haas. 2012. Iron status is associated with endurance performance and training in female rowers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.44:1552-1559.
 
DellaValle, D.M. and J.D. Haas. 2012. Quantification of training load and intensity in female collegiate rowers: validation of a daily assessment too. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. (in press)
 
Crouter, S.E., D.M. DellaValle, M. Horton, J.D. Haas, E.A. Frongillo, D.R. Bassett, Jr. 2011. Validity of the ActiCal for estimating free-living physical activity.  European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111:1381-1389
 
DellaValle, D.M. and J.D. Haas.  2011. Impact of iron depletion without anemia on trained endurance athletes at the beginning of a training season: a study of female collegiate rowers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 21:501-506
 
Kuffel, E.E., S.E. Crouter,  J.D. Haas, E.A. Frongillo and D.R. Bassett Jr. 2011. Validity of Estimating Minute-By-Minute Energy Expenditure of Continuous Walking Bouts by Accelerometry. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8:92 http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/8/1/92
 
Crouter, S.E., E. Kuffel, J.D. Haas, E.A. Frongillo, D.R. Bassett, Jr. 2010. A Refined 2-Regression Model for the ActiGraph Accelerometer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 42:1029-1037.

Yu, Z, X. Lin, J.D Haas, O.H. Franco, K.L. Rennie, H. Li, H. Xu, X. Pang, H. Liu, Z. Zhang, S. Zou, S. Jiao. 2009. Obesity related metabolic abnormalities: distribution and geographic differences among middle-aged and older Chinese populations. Preventative Medicine 48(3):272-278

Grieger, J.A., J.D. Haas, L.E. Murray-Kolb, and P. Kris-Etherton and J.L.Beard, 2008. Nutrient adequacy and food group consumption of Filipino novices and religious sisters over a nine month period. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 17(4): p. 566-572.

Yu, Z., J. Sun, J.D. Haas, Y. Gu, Z. Li,, X. Lin. 2008. Macrosomia is associated with high weight-for-height in children age 1 to 3 years in Shanghai, China. International Journal of Obesity, 32(1):55-60.

Beard, J.L., L.E. Murray-Kolb, J.D. Haas, F. Lawrence. 2007. Iron absorption prediction equations lack agreement and underestimate iron adsorption. Journal of Nutrition, 137:1741-1746.

Beard, J.L., L.E. Murray-Kolb, F. Lawrence, A. Felix, A. del Mundo, J.D. Haas. 2007. Variation in the Diets of Philippine Women over 9 Months of Continuous Observation. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 28:206-214.

Haas, J.D. and F. Campirano. 2006. Interpopulation variation in height among children 7 to 18 years of age. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, (supplement), 27(4): S212-S223

Haas, J.D., D.D. Miller. 2006. Overview of Experimental Biology 2005 Symposium: Food Fortification in Developing Countries. Journal of Nutrition (Supplement), 136:1053-1054.

Neufeld, L.M., J.D. Haas, R. Grajéda, R. Martorell. 2006. Last menstrual period provides the best estimate of gestation length for women in rural Guatemala. Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 20, 290-298.

Haas, J.D. 2006. The effects of iron deficiency on physical performance. In Mineral Requirements f Military Personnel: Levels Needed for Cognitive and Physical Performance during Garrison Training, edited by the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (IOM), The National Academies Press, Washington D.C, pp 451-461.
 
Haas J.D., J.L.Beard, L.E. Murray-Kolb, A. del Mundo, A. Felix, G, Gregorio. 2005. Iron-biofortified rice improves the iron stores of non-anemic Filipino women. Journal of Nutrition, 135:2823-2830.

Neufeld, L.M., J.D. Haas, M.T. Ruel, R. Grajeda, L.P. Naeher. 2004. Smoky indoor cooking fires are associated with elevated hemoglobin concentration in iron deficient women. Pan American Journal of Public Health, 15:110-118.

Brownlie, T., V. Utermohlen, P.S. Hinton, J.D. Haas. 2004. Tissue-iron deficiency without anemia impairs endurance adaptation among previously untrained women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79:437-443.
 
Neufeld, L.M., J.D. Haas, R. Grajeda and R. Martorell. 2004. Ultrasound measurement of fetal size in rural Guatemala. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 84:220-228.
 
Brutsaert, T.D., J.D. Haas and H. Spielvogel. 2004. Absence of work efficiency differences during cycle ergometry exercise in Bolivian Aymara. High Altitude Medicine and Biology, 5:41-59
 
Neufeld, L.M., J.D. Haas, R. Grajéda, and R. Martorell. 2004. Changes in maternal weight from the first to second trimester of pregnancy are associated with fetal growth and infant length at birth. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79:646-652.
 
Brutsaert, T., S. Hernandez-Cordero, J. Rivera, T.Viola, G. Hughes, and J. Haas. 2003. Progressive muscle fatigue during dynamic work in iron deficient Mexican women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 77:441-448.
 
Brownlie, T., V. Utermohlen, P.S. Hinton, C. Giordano and J.D. Haas. 2002. Marginal iron depletion without anemia reduces adaptation to physical training in previously untrained women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 75:734-742
 
Haas, J. D., and T. Brownlie.   2001. Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: A critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship. Journal of Nutrition (supplement), 131:676S-688S
 
Hinton, P.S., C. Giordano, T. Brownlie, and J.D. Haas. 2000. Iron supplementation improves endurance after training in iron-deficient, non-anemic women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 88:1103-1111
 
Brutsaert, T.D., M. Araoz, R. Soria, H. Spielvogel, and J.D. Haas. 2000. Higher arterial oxygen saturation during submaximal exercise in Bolivian Aymara compared to sojourners to high altitude and lowlanders born and raised at high altitude. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 113:169-181
 
Jahari, A., J.D. Haas, M. Hussaini, and E. Pollitt. 2000. The effects of energy and micronutrient supplementation on skeletal maturation in undernourished children in Indonesia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 54 (Sup 2):S74-79

 
Searchable Keywords:
Iron deficiency
Maternal-child nutrition
Developing countries
Work capacity
Physical activity

 
The information on this bio page is taken from the CHE Annual Report.